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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9
Access to health services for Roma: legal, institutional and policy challenges in Macedonia
Author(s): Milevska-Kostova N
Abstract:

 

Access to health care is a right guaranteed to every citizen by Macedonian constitution, respective national healthcare legislation and ratified international documents. The constitutional and legal stipulations provide for geographic and physical access (through a network of healthcare institutions on primary, secondary and tertiary level) and financial access, guaranteed through the universal health insurance coverage of the basic benefits package, based on the principles of equity and solidarity.

 

Addressing Inequalities in Health: Increasing Access to Health Services for the Roma Minority by Capacitating Roma Medical Professionals
Author(s): Romanita I
Abstract:

The Roma minority is one of the most excluded ethnic groups in Europe, in spite of commitments assumed under the Decade of Roma Inclusion. The pervasive marginalization of Roma population is also mirrored by health inequality which can be evidenced by socio-medical indicators such as prevalence of major causes of death, prevalence of infant mortality, low birth weight and prematurity in Roma children or life expectancy.

Experiences of discrimination among Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia
Author(s): Madarasova-Geckova A, van Dijk J P, Kolarcik P, Reijneveld S
Abstract:

Based on the European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey, Roma belong to a high-risk group with regard to discrimination. Ethnic discrimination might contribute to gaps in health between the Roma and non-Roma populations. The aim of this study was to compare the perceived discrimination among Roma adolescents living in Roma settlements with adolescents from the majority population.

Health inequalities of the Roma in Europe: a literature review.
Author(s): Parekh N, Rose T
Abstract:

The Roma are the most populous marginalised community in Europe and have some of the greatest health needs. There is a higher prevalence of communicable and non-communicable diseases within the community and significantly shorter life expectancies than national averages.

Health of gypsy children: medical perinatal care until 6-year-old in Lille
Author(s): Pelzer Moukagni M, Charkaluk ML, Kalach N, Huc A, Do V, Testard MA, Kremp O
Abstract:

This study investigated the health of gypsy children, aged 0-6 years. We focused on pregnancy, birth, medical care, growth, and vaccinations

IMPROVING ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE OF ROMA COMMUNITY IN VALJEVO
Author(s): Tanja Dimitrijević
Abstract:

Issues concerning health of Roma have not often been the subject of research in Serbia, despite the fact that the data on life quality of the majority of this ethnic group indicate that living conditions of majority of Roma largely cause and perpetuate their health problems. 

Policies to improve the health and well-being of Roma people: the European experience.
Author(s): Fésüs G, Östlin P, McKee M, Ádány R
Abstract:

The Roma constitute the largest ethnic minority in the European Region. The many policy initiatives designed over the past two decades to tackle their adverse social conditions in Central and South Eastern Europe, where the Roma population is concentrated, have had limited success. This paper reviews what is being done to improve the health and social situation of Roma communities in the Region and identifies factors that may limit the effectiveness of these policy initiatives. Strong political commitment, measures to overcome prejudices against Roma, inter-sectoral policy coordination, adequate budgets, evidence-based policies, and Roma involvement can be identified as key preconditions for improved healthoutcomes and well-being. However, developing a sound evidence-based approach to Roma inclusion requires removing obstacles to the collection of reliable data and improving analytical and evaluation capacity. Health policies seeking to reduce health inequalities for Roma people need to be aligned with education, economic, labour market, housing, environmental and territorial development policies and form part of comprehensive policy frameworks allowing for effective integration.

Primary care for the Roma in Europe: Position paper of the European forum for primary care
Author(s): Pim de Graaf, Danica Rotar Pavlič, Erika Zelko, Marga Vintges, Sara Willems, Lise Hanssens
Abstract:

Roma populations’ low health status and limited access to health services, including primary care, has been documented in many European countries, and warrants specific health policies and practices. A variety of experiences shows how primary care can adjust its practices to reduce the barriers to primary care for Roma populations.

At local level, establishing collaboration with Roma organisations helps primary care to improve mutual relations and quality of care. Mediation has proved to be an effective tool. Skills training of primary care practitioners may enhance their individual competences. Research and international sharing of experiences are further tools to improve primary care for the Roma people.

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