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A Comparative Health Survey of the Inhabitants of Roma Settlements in Hungary
Author(s): Zsigmond Kósa, MD, PhD, György Széles, MD, PhD, László Kardos, MD, PhD, Karolina Kósa, MD, PhD, Renáta Németh, MSc, Sándor Országh, MSc, Gabriella Fésüs, MSc, Martin McKee, MD, Róza Ádány, MD, PhD, and Zoltán Vokó, MD, PhD

Objectives. We compared the health of people living in Roma settlements with that of the general population in Hungary.

A fogyatékossághoz vezetõ út
Author(s): Kende Anna, Neményi Mária

A 2003-as év elsõ felében, az iskolaérettségi vizsgálatok idõszakában kutatást végeztünk beiskolázás elõtt álló, nevelési tanácsadókban és szakértõi bizottságokban vizsgált gyermekek oktatási esélyeivel kapcsolatban. Célunk az volt, hogy megismerjük az összefüggéseket a megvizsgált gyermekekre vonatkozó tényszerû adatok, az iskolaérettségi vizsgálat során nyert teszteredmények, az alulteljesítõ gyermekek elmaradásainak okaival kapcsolatos szakértõi vélekedések és a gyermekek beiskolázására vonatkozó döntések között.

A literature review of the health of Gypsy/Traveller families in Scotland: the challenges for health promotion
Author(s): Smart H, Titterton M, Clark C

In this paper, findings from a detailed literature review (which was commissioned in March 2002 by Queen Margaret University College, UK) on Gypsy/Travellers’ health are presented as well as suggestions on where “gaps” exist in related empirical research.

A question of identity: the social exclusion of housed Gypsies and Travellers
Author(s): Greenfields M, Smith D

This article draws upon a series of survey-based and qualitative studies in the UK to examine the experiences of Gypsies and Travellers resident in ‘bricks and mortar’ accommodation. 

Access to health services for Roma: legal, institutional and policy challenges in Macedonia
Author(s): Milevska-Kostova N


Access to health care is a right guaranteed to every citizen by Macedonian constitution, respective national healthcare legislation and ratified international documents. The constitutional and legal stipulations provide for geographic and physical access (through a network of healthcare institutions on primary, secondary and tertiary level) and financial access, guaranteed through the universal health insurance coverage of the basic benefits package, based on the principles of equity and solidarity.


Cross cultural competence of public sector staff working with Bergitka Roma community in Poland. The report from pilot research
Author(s): Bylica J

Bergitka Roma (Mountain Romanis) is the poorest group of Roma in Poland. Most of them are excluded from major society; their educational level is very low. They are also least respected by other Roma groups. We were implementing Pilot Government Program for Roma Community in Malopolska for 2001 – 2003 health situation of Roma families living in submontane regions was very alarming. Serious health problems resulted among other things, from low standard of hygiene and extremely poor social conditions, also limited access to health services.

Does socioeconomic status fully mediate the effect of ethnicity on the health of Roma people in Hungary?
Author(s): Vokó Z, Csépe P, Németh R, Kósa K, Kósa Z, Széles G, Ádány R

Several models have been proposed to explain the association between ethnicity and health. It was investigated whether the association between Roma ethnicity and health is fully mediated by socioeconomic status in Hungary.

Employment discrimination in hungary and its effect on health.
Author(s): Fuzesi Zs, Busa C, Varga I, Tistyan L

A dramatic drop in employment occurred in Hungary following the change of regime which particularly affected the Roma, people of reduced working ability, and mothers with young children. Alongside economic considerations, the prejudices of employers and discrimination in employment constitute the most significant obstacles to returning to the workplace. The poor mental and physical health of these groups further reduces their chances of finding employment. Only legislation exists to manage the problem, which-in the absence of other interventions-has not brought a breakthrough in the employment of these groups in either the state or local governments or in private spheres.

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