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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9
Policies to improve the health and well-being of Roma people: the European experience.
Author(s): Fésüs G, Östlin P, McKee M, Ádány R

The Roma constitute the largest ethnic minority in the European Region. The many policy initiatives designed over the past two decades to tackle their adverse social conditions in Central and South Eastern Europe, where the Roma population is concentrated, have had limited success. This paper reviews what is being done to improve the health and social situation of Roma communities in the Region and identifies factors that may limit the effectiveness of these policy initiatives. Strong political commitment, measures to overcome prejudices against Roma, inter-sectoral policy coordination, adequate budgets, evidence-based policies, and Roma involvement can be identified as key preconditions for improved healthoutcomes and well-being. However, developing a sound evidence-based approach to Roma inclusion requires removing obstacles to the collection of reliable data and improving analytical and evaluation capacity. Health policies seeking to reduce health inequalities for Roma people need to be aligned with education, economic, labour market, housing, environmental and territorial development policies and form part of comprehensive policy frameworks allowing for effective integration.

Predictors of health-endangering behaviour among Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia by gender
Author(s): J P van Dijk, O Orosova, P Kolarčik, S A Reijneveld, A Madarosa-Geckova

Roma people are commonly described as having an unhealthy lifestyle—for example, an unhealthy diet, intensive smoking, frequent alcohol consumption and a lack of physical activity. However, data about such health-endangering behaviours among Roma adolescents are scarce and of poor quality. The aim of our study is to assess the occurrence of health-endangering behaviours among Slovak Roma adolescents in comparison to non-Roma adolescents, and to assess the impact of parental education and social desirability on the differences found.

Prevalence of congenital anomaly syndromes in a Spanishgypsy population
Author(s): M LMartinez-Frias, EBermejo

We analysed the sample of gypsies includedintheSpanishCollaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECEMC),a hospitalbased,case-control study and surveillance system.Special emphasis was placed on the birthprevalence of recessive multiple congenital anomaly syndromes, comparing their frequencyinthegypsy population with thatobservedamong non-gypsies.

Prevention of HIV and sexually transmitted diseases in high risk social networks of young Roma (Gypsy) men in Bulgaria: randomised controlled trial
Author(s): Boyan Vassilev, Elena Kabakchieva ,Elena Petrova, Jeffrey A Kelly, Radostina Antonova, Roman A Khoursine, Sylvia Vassileva, Timothy L McAuliffe, Wayne J DiFranceisco, Yuri A Amirkhanian
Keywords: HIV , prevention , Risk assessment , roma , STD
Primary care for the Roma in Europe: Position paper of the European forum for primary care
Author(s): Pim de Graaf, Danica Rotar Pavlič, Erika Zelko, Marga Vintges, Sara Willems, Lise Hanssens

Roma populations’ low health status and limited access to health services, including primary care, has been documented in many European countries, and warrants specific health policies and practices. A variety of experiences shows how primary care can adjust its practices to reduce the barriers to primary care for Roma populations.

At local level, establishing collaboration with Roma organisations helps primary care to improve mutual relations and quality of care. Mediation has proved to be an effective tool. Skills training of primary care practitioners may enhance their individual competences. Research and international sharing of experiences are further tools to improve primary care for the Roma people.

Psychosocial factors of coronary heart disease and quality of life among Roma coronary patients: a study matched by socioeconomic position.
Author(s): Skodova Z, van Dijk JP, Nagyova I, Rosenberger J, Ondusova D, Studencan M, Reijneveld SA

The aim of this study was to assess whether psychosocial factors and health-related quality of life (HRQL) differ between Roma and non-Roma coronary patients and to what degree socioeconomic status (SES) explains these differences.